Foggy Days California Common 5 Gallon
The California Common is an example of a “hybrid beer”. It’s brewed with a lager yeast, but at the temperature range of an ale. When brewers of German heritage started brewing beer on the west coast in the 1800’s, there was no refrigeration and limited access to ice. While ale yeasts were readily available at the time, many of these immigrant German brewers were more familiar with lager yeast.
WHAT YOU GET
1 Can of Coopers Draught HME
3 Packets of BrewMax LME Pale
2 Packets of 2-Row Malt
2 Packets of Crystal 40 Malt
2 Packets of Hallertau Hops
1 Packet S-23 Dry Lager Yeast
4 Muslin Hop Sacks
2 Packets of No-Rinse Cleanser
FOR FANS OF
Anchor Steam California Lager
Widmer Columbia Common
Original Gravity: 1.043
Final Gravity: 1.008
SRM: (Color): 7
IBU: (Bitterness): 37
STEP 1: SANITIZING
Cleaning is one of the most important steps in brewing. It kills microscopic bacteria, wild yeast, and molds that may cause off-flavors in your beer. Make certain to clean all equipment that comes in contact with your beer by following the directions below:
1. Fill clean fermenter with 8 liters (2 Gallons) of warm water, then add 1 pack of No-Rinse Cleanser and stir until dissolved.
2. Use your measuring cup to scoop the liquid up and run it down the side of the Coopers Fermenter. Do this around the entire fermenter a few times. Then add your krousen kollar and repeat. Then take some of the solution and pour it into the lid and allow it to sit for 2 minutes. (If you have a different fermenter sanitizing may be different.)
3. To clean the spigot, open it fully and allow the liquid to flow for 5 seconds, and then close.
4. Pour some of the solution from the fermenter into a large bowl. You need enough to fully cover your brewing utensils. Place your spoon/whisk, can opener, and measuring cup into the bowl to keep them cleaned throughout the brewing process. Leave them immersed for at least 2 minutes in the cleaning solution prior to use. Any remaining solution in your fermenter can be discarded.
5. After all, surfaces have been thoroughly cleaned, do not rinse or dry the keg or utensils. Return lid to the top of the fermenter, proceed immediately to brewing.
STEP 2: BREWING
Brewing beer is the process of combining a starch source (in this case, a malt brewing extract) with yeast. Once combined, the yeast eats the sugars in the malt, producing alcohol and carbon dioxide (CO2). This process is called fermentation.
1. Remove the yeast packet from under the lid of the can of Brewing Extract (you won’t be using this), then place the unopened can and BrewMax LMEs in hot tap water.
2. Add the 4 packets of grains between two of the muslin sacks and tie them closed so that the grain can flow freely within the sack.
3. Using a measuring cup, pour 8 cups of water into your clean 1-gallon or larger pot. Bring your pot of water up to above 155 degrees F.
4. Add the grain sacks to the hot water and steep for 30 minutes between 155-165 degrees.
5. Carefully lift the grain sacks out of the pot, and place them into a strainer/colander. Rinse the sacks over the pot with 1 cup of hot water each. Let drain. Do NOT squeeze the grain bags. Discard grain bags.
6. Place 1 packet of Hallertau pellet hops into a hop sack tying it closed, then trim away excess material.
7. Add one Pale LME to the grain water and stir to combine. Bring the grain water to a low rolling boil, add in hop sack, and let boil for 15 minutes.
8. While this is boiling, place the remaining packet of Hallertau hops into a hop sack and trim away excess material.
9. After the 15-minute boil has passed, remove the pot from heat and add the final hop sack to the wort (do not remove the previous-hop sack).
10. Open the can of Brewing Extract and remaining LMEs and pour the contents into the hot mixture in your pot. Stir until thoroughly mixed. This mixture of unfermented beer is called wort.
11. Fill your fermenter with enough cold water to cover the spigot hole. Approximately 1-2 gallons of water.
12. Pour the wort, including the hop sacks, into your fermenter, and then bring the volume of the fermenter to 5 gallons or 19 liters by adding more cold water. Leave the hop sacks in the wort for the duration of fermentation.
13. Stir your wort mixture vigorously with your sanitized spoon or whisk.
14. Sprinkle the S-23 yeast packet into the fermenter, and place on the lid. Do not stir.
Put your fermenter in a location with a consistent temperature between 70° and 76° F (21°-24° C), and out of direct sunlight. Ferment for 14 days.
STEP 3: BOTTLING & CARBONATING
After 14 days, taste a small sample to determine if the beer is fully fermented and ready to bottle. If it tastes like flat beer, it is ready. If it’s sweet, then it’s not ready. Let it ferment for 3 more days (14 total). At this point, it is time to bottle. Do not let it sit in the fermenter for longer than 24 days total.
1. When your beer is ready to bottle, fill 3 1-gallon containers with warm water, then split the remaining pack of the No-Rinse Cleanser between them and mix until dissolved. Once dissolved, it is ready to use.
2. Distribute the cleaning solution equally among the bottles. Screw-on caps (or cover with a metal cap if using glass bottles) and shake bottles vigorously. Allow to sit 10 minutes, then shake the bottles again. Remove caps and empty all cleaning solutions into a large bowl. Use this solution to clean any other equipment you may be using for bottling. Do not rinse.
3. Add 2 Carbonation Drops to each 740-mL bottle. For 1-liter bottles, add 2 ½ drops; for ½-liter bottles add 1 drop. Alternatively, you can add table sugar using this table as a guide.
4. Holding the bottle at an angle, fill each bottle to about 2 inches from the bottle’s top.
5. Place caps on bottles, hand tighten, and gently turn the bottle over to check the bottle’s seal. It is not necessary to shake them.
6. Store the bottles upright and out of direct sunlight in a location with a consistent temperature between 70°-76°F or 21°-24°C. Allow sitting for a minimum of 14 days. If the temperature is cooler than suggested it may take an additional week to reach full carbonation.
TIP FROM OUR BREWMASTERS
After the primary carbonation has taken place your beer is ready to drink. We recommend putting 1 bottle in the refrigerator at first for 48 hrs. After 48hrs. give it a try and if it is up to your liking put the rest of your beer in the fridge. If it does not taste quite right, leave the bottles out at room temp for another week or so. Keep following this method until your brew tastes just how you like it.
This process is called conditioning and during this time the yeast left in your beer can help clean up any off-flavors. Almost everything gets a little better with time and so will your beer